HPSC is updating webpages with the term “mpox”, in line with the recent World Health Organization recommendation. This is to reduce stigma and other issues associated with prior terminology.

Mpox is a very uncommon viral infection that produces a spotty, itchy and sore rash, and sometimes a fever. Mpox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (the cause of smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus. It does not spread easily between people. The biggest risk of spread between people is through close physical contact, including sexual contact and close contact with household members. 

Further information

UK Health Security Agency: Mpox
CDC, US: Mpox
ECDC: Factsheet for health professionals on mpox
WHO: Mpox
WHO: Mpox outbreak tool kit
WHO: Mpox online training module