HPSC is updating webpages with the term “mpox”, in line with the recent World Health Organization recommendation. This is to reduce stigma and other issues associated with prior terminology.

Monkeypox is a very uncommon viral infection that produces a spotty, itchy and sore rash, and sometimes a fever. Monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae. The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (the cause of smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus. It does not spread easily between people. The biggest risk of spread between people is through close physical contact, including sexual contact and close contact with household members. 

Further information

UK Health Security Agency: Monkeypox
CDC, US: Monkeypox
ECDC: Factsheet for health professionals on monkeypox
WHO: Monkeypox
WHO: Monkeypox outbreak tool kit
WHO: Monkeypox online training module