VHF affected areas

Viral haemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are endemic in a number of parts of the world: Africa, South America, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Although relatively rare, incidents and outbreaks occur regularly. Many wild and domestic animals, ticks, and mosquitoes are known to carry some of the VHF agents, although the reservoirs have not been identified for all VHF agents.

VHFs tend to be restricted to relatively well-defined geographical areas. Therefore, a detailed history of travel and behaviour is essential to ruling out or identifying possible exposure. In addition, referral to current geographical information about outbreaks and endemic areas is crucial in assessing VHF risk.

For a list of current outbreaks please visit the TravelHealthPro UK website, which comprises the travel health resources of the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) UK.