Malaria is a common and serious tropical disease caused by a type of parasite (protozoan) transmitted to human beings by biting mosquitoes. There are four kinds of malaria that can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae

Malaria is a public health problem in more than 100 countries; over 2 billion people live in malarious parts of the world. More than 90% of cases occur in tropical Africa, but it is also found in the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Central and South America, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), the Middle East, and Oceania. For travellers and tourists, Africa south of the Sahara probably represents the area of greatest risk of malaria. 

malaria 2004-2016

Malaria in Ireland, 2016

88 The number of malaria notifications in 2016
1.9 The national notification rate per 100,000 population in 2016

Last updated: 12 September 2018