Enteroviruses are small viruses that are made of ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein. Enteroviruses belong to the Picornaviridae family of viruses and are divided into 5 groups with many types within each group, including polioviruses (3 types), coxsackieviruses A (23 types), coxsackieviruses B (6 types), echoviruses (33 types), and other enteroviruses (4 types).
The United States has experienced a nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness. Further information on outbreak is available on the CDC website.
The latest update from CDC on the investigation of the acute neurological illness, including a link to considerations for clinical management, can be found at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncird/investigation/viral/sep2014.html
ECDC produced a rapid risk assessment on Enterovirus 68 detections in the US and Canada, 15th October 2014.
Last updated: 21 November 2014