Mumps (Mumps virus)

Clinical criteria
Any person with fever AND sudden onset of unilateral or bilateral tender swelling of the parotid or other salivary glands without other apparent cause. Mumps may also present as aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, hearing loss, orchitis, oophoritis, parotitis or other salivary gland swelling, mastitis or pancreatitis.

Laboratory criteria
At least one of the following three:
- Isolation of mumps virus from a clinical specimen
- Detection of mumps virus nucleic acid
- Mumps virus specific antibody response characteristic for acute infection in serum or saliva

Laboratory results need to be interpreted according to the vaccination status

Epidemiological criteria
An epidemiological link by human to human transmission

Case classification
A. Possible case
Any person meeting the clinical criteria
B. Probable case
Any person meeting the clinical criteria and with an epidemiological link
C. Confirmed case
Any person not recently vaccinated and meeting the laboratory criteria.
In the case of recent vaccination: any person with detection of wild-type mumps virus strain.

Current as of: 24 January 2019