Staphylococcal food poisoning (Enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus)

Clinical criteria
Any person with at least one of the following two conditions:
- vomiting AND nausea
- diarrhoea AND abdominal cramps

Laboratory criteria
At least one of the following three:
- Demonstration of staphylococcal enterotoxin in epidemiologically implicated food
- Isolation of S. aureus with the same phage type from faeces or vomitus of two or more epidemiologically linked ill persons
- Isolation of ≥105 colony-forming units of S. aureus from epidemiologically implicated food

Epidemiological criteria
An epidemiological link by exposure to a common source

Case classification
A. Possible case
B. Probable case
Any person meeting the clinical criteria and with an epidemiological link
C. Confirmed case
Any person meeting the clinical and the laboratory criteria

Current as of: 22 January 2019